Social Science Secondary Education, 8-12


BA - Program Requirements

Melissa Saunier-Arnold, MA, Interim Chair, Division of Education

Goodhue Academic Center, Room 209

(270) 384-8584     arnoldm@lindsey.edu

Greg A. Phelps, PhD, Chair, Division of Social Science & Interdisciplinary Studies

J. L. Turner Leadership Center, Room 207

(270) 384-8234     phelpsg@lindsey.edu 

Geralda Nelson, EdD, Secondary Education Program Coordinator

Goodhue Academic Center, Room 208
(270) 384-7331    
nelsong@lindsey.edu

David W. Moore, PhD, Social Science Program Coordinator
W.W. Slider Humanities Building, Room 307
(270) 384-8077    
moored@lindsey.edu

Full-time Education program faculty:  Jennifer Antoniotti-Neal, EdD; Cindy L. Clark, PhD; Geralda Nelson, EdD; Melissa Saunier-Arnold, MA

Full-time Social Science  program faculty:  Stefan M. Brooks, PhD; David Moore, PhD; Trudy Morlino, PhD; Mohammad Pourheydarian, PhD; Elizabeth Tapscott, PhD

Education Unit Mission Statement
The mission of the Education Division is to prepare candidates in a Christian learning environment with the knowledge, skills, and dispositions required to be successful, reflective teacher-leaders in the 21st century.


The secondary education program offers several challenging and rewarding Bachelor of Arts degree programs and one Bachelor of Science degree program that lead to the granting of the Kentucky Provisional Certificate through the Kentucky Education Professional Standards Board.

  • Biology Education 8-12 (BS degree)
  • Secondary Education 8-12 program with majors in English, mathematics, or social science (BA degrees)

In addition, there are four P-12 Bachelor of Arts degree programs which can also lead to secondary teaching positions:  Art Education P-12, Integrated Music Education P-12, Physical Education P-12, and Physical Education/Health P-12.

Candidates are assigned a content area advisor and work with an education advisor as they progress through their specific content requirements and through the sequential professional education requirements to earn a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree.

Social Science Program Mission Statement

The Social Science program faculty is committed to a program which stresses academic excellence.  The Social Science program curriculum is designed to meet the needs of students concurrently enrolled in the secondary education certification program but is also open to any student seeking intellectual development in the social sciences.

Graduation Requirements

Some courses taken for the major will simultaneously fulfill general education requirements.  Please see the Graduation Requirements (bachelor’s degrees) section of the catalog for information on the general education program.

Education Program Entrance Criteria

As part of the admission criteria for the Education program, candidates must have completed the following required courses with a grade of C or higher:

  • Public Speaking (COMM 2103) or equivalent transfer course for Demonstration of Communication competency;
  • Writing Studies I (ENGL 1013), unless waiver requirements are met, Writing Studies II (ENGL 1023), or equivalent transfer course for Demonstration of Communication competency; and
  • General education mathematics course, unless waiver requirements are met, as determined by the candidate’s general education program.

Social Science Program Entrance Criteria

Each student must complete at least 45 hours of coursework with a minimum grade point average of 2.00 and file a Declaration of Major form with the Registrar’s Office.  In addition, each student must have completed at least one introductory-level social science course required for the major.  

Program Requirements:  96-99  hours

Along with the general education requirements, students seeking secondary certification with their Social Science  major must complete the program’s prerequisites, professional education requirements, and academic major requirements as indicated.  

A.         Prerequisites:  15-18 hours

  • College Algebra (MATH 1013) is a prerequisite for ECON 2033 and ECON 2043 unless waiver requirements are met – 3 hours
  • U.S. History: 1492 to 1865 (HIST 1033) is a prerequisite for HIST 3033, HIST 3053, HIST 3063, HIST 3073, and HIST 3093 – 3 hours
  • U.S. History: 1865 to Present (HIST 1043) is a prerequisite for HIST 3073 and HIST 3093 – 3 hours
  • World Civilization I: Prehistory to 1500 (HIST 2233) is a prerequisite for HIST 3433 – 3 hours
  • World Civilization II: 1500 to Present (HIST 2243) is a prerequisite for HIST 3273, HIST 3303, HIST 3323, and HIST 3433 – 3 hours
  • Principles of Psychology (PSYC 1003) is a prerequisite for EDUC 3123 and EDUC 3143 – 3 hours

B.        Professional Preparation -- Education:  42 hours

  • The Teaching Profession (EDUC 2123) – 3 hours
  • Introduction to Educational Technology (EDUC 2713) – 3 hours
  • Principles of Lifelong Learning (EDUC 3123) – 3 hours
  • The Exceptional Learner (EDUC 3143) – 3 hours
  • Fundamentals of Secondary Education (EDUC 3403) – 3 hours
  • Curriculum & Methodology in Secondary Schools (EDUC 4433) – 3 hours
  • Reading & Writing in the Content Areas 5-9, 8-12 & P-12 (EDUC 3523) – 3 hours
  • Measurement & Assessment in Education (EDUC 4103) – 3 hours
  • Classroom Management 5-9 & 8-12 (EDUC 4463) – 3 hours
  • Supervised Student Teaching (EDUC 4600) – 12 hours
  • Practicum (EDUC 4603) – 3 hours

Note:        Student teaching candidates must pay a $155 student teaching fee.

C.         Academic Major -- Social Science:  39 hours*

1 -- Core Requirements:  30 hours

  • Two 3000-4000 level courses in American history – 6 hours
  • Two 3000-4000 level courses in non-American history – 6 hours
  • United States Government (POSC 1003) – 3 hours
  • Principles of Sociology (SOCI 1003) – 3 hours
  • Microeconomics (ECON 2033) – 3 hours
  • Macroeconomics (ECON 2043) – 3 hours
  • World Regional Geography (GEOG 1003) – 3 hours
  • History Seminar (HIST 4903) – 3 hours

        2 -- Program Electives:  9 hours

Students must take nine credit hours of 3000-4000 level courses from the Social Science area.

        *While the academic major is social science, the secondary certification is earned in social studies.

Note:        World Civilization I: Prehistory to 1500 (HIST 2233) and World Civilization II: 1500 to Present (HIST 2243), if not taken as prerequisites,  are strongly recommended as electives to strengthen preparation for the content area of the Praxis II exam.

Exit Assessment -- Education

Graduation requirements for candidates are as follows:

  1. Minimum 2.75 Cumulative GPA;  
  2. Minimum 2.75 Content/Emphasis Area GPA;
  3. Minimum 2.75 Professional Education GPA;
  4. Passing of the appropriate Praxis Principles of Teaching and Learning (PTL) exam and the appropriate content exam(s) as required by state regulation;
  5. Successful completion of all program requirements and assessments;
  6. Successful completion of Supervised Student Teaching (EDUC 4600), including all course requirements with positive evaluations; and
  7. Successful completion of Stage III Exit Portfolio.

Exit Assessment -- Social Science

Students who apply for graduation with a bachelor’s degree in social science must schedule an exit interview with the Social Science program coordinator.  Exit interviews must be scheduled by midterm of the final semester of work.  Prior to the exit interview, each student will prepare written responses to questions drawn from the Social Science program Student Learning Outcomes.  The program coordinator must indicate to the Registrar’s Office that the student has achieved the Social Science program Student Learning Outcomes for graduation approval.