BSN Philosophy

LWC BSN Program Philosophy and Guiding Professional Standards

Members of the Program of Nursing faculty acknowledge, accept and function within the framework of the vision, mission and creed of Lindsey Wilson College. Additionally, the faculty ascribe to the values and concepts reflected in the following professional nursing standards, guidelines and competencies:

The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice (American Association of Colleges of Nursing [AACN], 2008) (Essentials)

Guide to the Code of Ethics for Nurses: Interpretation and Application (American Nurses' Association [ANA], 2010).

Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice, 2nd Edition (American Nurses' Association [ANA], 2010).

Nursing's Social Policy Statement: The Essence of the Profession (American Nurses' Association [ANA], 2010).

Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN: Institute of Medicine, 2003)

Kentucky Board of Nursing (KBN), pursuant to the Kentucky Revised Statutes (KRS) 314.00, approves schools of nursing that meet the standards which are established in the administrative regulations promulgated by the board. The KBN sets standards for the establishment and outcomes of nursing education programs that prepare pre-licensure and advanced practice registered nurses, including clinical learning experiences. The LWC BSNnursing program holds monitoring status by the KBN (Appendix I- A -1 and KBN Reports in the CCNE RR).

From these standards and guidelines, the ND faculty members embrace the following central concepts:


Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations (ANA, 2010).


Health is an experience that is often expressed in terms of wellness and illness, and may occur in the presence or absence of disease or injury (ANA, 2010).


Environment is the surrounding context, milieu, conditions, or atmosphere in which a registered nurse practices (ANA, 2010). The environment is complex and changing, influenced by many factors, which include, but are not limited to genetics and genomics, scientific advances, increased prevalence of chronic disease, an aging population, changing demographics, environmental threats, lifestyles, increased technology, informatics, experiences across the life span and preventive care.


The person, client, family, group, community, or population who is the focus of attention and to whom the registered nurse is providing services as sanctioned by the state regulatory bodies (ANA, 2010).

Patient Centered Care

Culturally competent nursing care that identifies, respects, and addresses values, preferences, and expressed needs of patients. Patient-centered care also involves the coordination of continuous care, listening to, communicating with, and educating patients and caregivers regarding health, wellness, and disease management and prevention. Patient-centered care requires the development of a nurse-patient partnership.

Baccalaureate Generalist Nursing Education

In today's complex healthcare environment, baccalaureate generalist nursing education is the minimum level required for entry into professional nursing practice. Through a liberal education base, baccalaureate generalist education provides a forum for contemplating physical, psychological, social, cultural, behavioral, ethical, and spiritual problems within and across the disciplines. Baccalaureate generalist education is foundational to graduate nursing education.

Baccalaureate Generalist Professional Nursing Practice

The collective professional activities of nurses characterized by the interrelations of human responses, theory application, nursing actions, and outcomes (ANA, 2010). Nursing practice is supported by nursing knowledge, nursing theory, research and liberal education. Nursing practice provides holistic, Christian caring across the lifespan and provides the human link for the translation of the plan of care between the healthcare system and the patient. Three distinct roles emerge from the nursing discipline:

Provider of Care

As provider of care, the nurse

  • practices from a holistic, Christian caring framework
  • provides direct and indirect, multidimensional, quality, cost-effective, safe, evidence-based care to patients (individuals, families, groups, communities, or populations) across changing environments and across the life span
  • understands patient values and makes nursing decisions within a professional ethical framework
  • understands and implements advances in science and technology
  • serves in partnership with the patient and interprofessional team through advocacy and education to foster health promotion and clinical prevention, and population-based health care

Designer, Coordinator, and Manager of care

As a designer, coordinator and manager of care, the nurse

  • practices within the complex, evolving health care system
  • achieves positive healthcare outcomes by practicing with knowledge, judgment, skills, caring, authority, and accountability to delegate tasks and supervise performance of other health care personnel
  • functions autonomously and interdependently as a member of the interprofessional healthcare team
  • remains accountable for professional practice and image

Member of the Profession

As a member of the profession, the nurse

  • functions as a knowledgeable professional by utilizing a well-delineated and broad knowledge-base for practice
  • executes critical reason, clinical judgment, communication and assessment skills
  • demonstrates a developed and appropriate set of values and ethical framework for decision making
  • remains knowledgeable and active in policy processes within healthcare delivery and systems of care
  • Commits to lifelong learning and advocacy for the patient and the profession